# How Does SARS Calculate Interest on VAT?

By Dave Nyam •  Updated: 01/23/24 •  5 min read

Let’s journey through South Africa’s tax landscape, where we encounter the ever-fascinating Value Added Tax. This enchanting tax is placed upon the exchange of goods and services, overseen by the diligent South African Revenue Service. And, in the realm of VAT, intrigue awaits, as SARS may weave tales of interest in certain extraordinary circumstances. This comprehensive guide will delve into how SARS calculates interest on VAT, including the interest rate, qualifying VAT interest, and the taxable interest rate.

## How Does SARS Calculate Interest on VAT?

The calculation of interest on VAT by SARS can be complex, involving several factors and scenarios. It’s important to note that interest is typically applied to outstanding VAT amounts, either payable by a taxpayer to SARS or refundable to a taxpayer by SARS. Here’s a simplified breakdown of how SARS calculates interest on VAT:

1. Late Payment Interest: SARS can charge late payment interest when taxpayers fail to pay their VAT liability on time. This interest is calculated on the outstanding amount at the prescribed interest rate (as mentioned in the previous section).
2. Late Refund Interest: On the other side, when SARS owes a taxpayer a refund of overpaid VAT, and they delay processing the refund, SARS can be liable to pay late refund interest. The interest rate for this is typically the same as the late payment interest.
3. Qualifying VAT Interest: Certain scenarios may result in the taxpayer being eligible to earn interest from SARS. This is known as “qualifying VAT interest.” It generally arises when a taxpayer has paid too much VAT to SARS, and the excess amount remains with SARS for an extended period without being refunded. As a result, SARS pays interest on this excess amount. The rate of this interest can be different and is usually lower than the late payment interest rate.
4. Taxable Interest Rate: The taxable interest rate may also be a consideration when determining the tax implications of the interest earned or paid with VAT. The tax rate on interest income in South Africa may vary depending on individual or corporate taxpayer status.

For more specific and up-to-date information on how SARS calculates interest on VAT, taxpayers are encouraged to consult the official SARS website or seek professional advice. Furthermore, the details of calculations may change over time, and staying informed about the latest updates is essential.

## What is the Interest Rate on VAT SARS?

SARS determines the interest rate on VAT, which is subject to change. The interest rate is typically set based on the official interest rate set by the South African Reserve Bank. This official interest rate is a reference for the interest rate charged on outstanding VAT.

SARS updates the interest rate periodically to reflect economic conditions and financial market trends. Taxpayers must stay informed about the current interest rate applicable to VAT, as it may change over time. Failing to pay VAT on time or making late submissions can lead to interest charges on the outstanding amount.

## What is the Qualifying VAT Interest?

The term “qualifying VAT interest” refers to the interest earned by a taxpayer when they have overpaid VAT to SARS. SARS holds onto this excess amount for an extended period without refunding it. This interest is paid by SARS to the taxpayer and is intended to compensate them for the delay in processing their refund.

The qualifying VAT interest rate may differ from the prescribed interest rate for late payment. It is typically lower and is meant to reflect a more reasonable compensation rate for the taxpayer rather than a penalty for late payment. As mentioned earlier, the exact rate can vary, and it’s advisable to check the official SARS website or consult a tax professional for the most current information on qualifying VAT interest rates.

## What is the Taxable Interest Rate?

Taxable interest in South Africa is a means for income tax regulation, contributing to the nation’s financial framework. It’s crucial to distinguish between the interest rates associated with VAT and those concerning income tax, ensuring a fair and transparent system for all taxpayers.

The rates for taxing interest income may vary, offering flexibility based on individual tax brackets and rates. Understanding these nuances empowers taxpayers to make informed financial decisions aligned with specific circumstances. For corporate taxpayers, the applicable corporate income tax rate is relevant.

As of the provided search results, the specific tax rates for interest income are not included, and this information can change with each fiscal year’s budget announcement. Therefore, taxpayers should consult the official SARS website or seek advice from a tax professional to determine the most current tax rates for interest income.

## Conclusion

In summary, SARS calculates interest on VAT based on the outstanding amount, the official interest rate, and the number of days the VAT amount has been outstanding. The qualifying VAT interest is divided into interest on normal and non-normal tax debt, each subject to the standard VAT rate of 15%. Taxpayers should keep abreast of the current interest rates set by SARS and accurately identify the nature of their VAT debt to ensure compliance with tax regulations and maximize their tax benefits.